Bharatmala Pariyojana was introduced with an aim to fulfil the transportation gap. The roads are considered the strongest route of communication as they help connect people!
The condition of roads can become a serious concern and pull down the country’s economic growth, if not well developed and maintained. Strong roadways lead to swift transportation, helping a nation to flourish/progress.
The construction of roads and improvement in the existing ones can further make the route/way easy for the logistics sector.
Under the programme, a total of 53,000 km national highways have been identified to improve the National Corridor efficiency. A total of 50 greenfield corridors will be created under the scheme.
The ambitious proposal of Bharatmala Pariyojana Phase-I was approved by the Union Cabinet on 24 October 2017. Under Phase-I, 34,800 km will be taken up, which will be implemented in a phased manner over five years (2017-18 to 2021-22).
Phase-I envisages construction of 5,000 km National Corridors, 9,000 km Economic Corridors, 6,000 km Feeder Corridors and Inter-Corridors, 2,000 km Border Roads, 2,000 km Coastal Roads and Port Connectivity Roads and 800 km Greenfield Expressways. Phase-I will also include 10,000 km of balance road works under the National Highways Development Project (NHDP).
The next phase, Bharatmala 2.0 will see development of nearly 3,000 km expressways, including Varanasi-Ranchi-Kolkata, Indore-Mumbai, Bengaluru-Pune and Chennai-Trichy. The targeted date for rolling out these road projects is expected to be 2024.
Till date as per data mapped by Projects Today, 554 projects are planned to be constructed under Bharatmala Pariyojana. These projects will see an investment to the tune of Rs 2,19,667 crore. Once completed, they will become a vital tool in bridging the gap as cities will be connected to small towns and villages, thus leading to economic progress. It will also give a massive push to infrastructure growth and development.
Gigantic projects under Bharatmala Pariyojana
Delhi-Vadodara-Mumbai Expressway: The 1,250 km expressway is being developed along a new alignment between Delhi and Mumbai, which passes through backward and tribal districts of Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Gujarat. The project will reduce distance between Delhi and Mumbai from the present 1,450 km. The expressway will reduce travelling time between the two Metro cities from 20 hours to 12 hours. The project will be developed at a cost of Rs 90,000 crore. The Delhi-Vadodara Expressway is being developed in five phases, while Vadodara-Mumbai Expressway is being undertaken in three phases.
Dwarka Expressway Project: The project envisages constructing eight-lane Dwarka Expressway (NH-248BB) of 27.66 km. The project will begin from Shiv Murti to terminate near Kherki Daula on NH-8. The mega project will see an investment to the tune of around Rs 6,000 crore. The foundation stone for the project was laid on 8 March 2019.
Ferozepur Jhirka to Etawa Expressway: NHAI is also planing to develop eight-lane expressway from Ferozepur Jhirka to Etawa section of NH-148 N (total length 204.61 km) in Rajasthan. The estimated value of the project is Rs 7,900 crore.
Rasisar-Deogarh Greenfield Highway: The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) plans to construct six-lane access-controlled Rasisar-Deogarh greenfield highway in the state of Rajasthan. The project is part of Amritsar-Jamnagar Economic Corridor. A total of 175.76 km of roads will be constructed at a cost of Rs 2,877 crore.
Deogarh-Rajasthan/Gujarat Border section: The project involves developing six-lane access-controlled greenfield highway, Deogarh (near Dhandhaniya)-Rajasthan/Gujarat Border section NH-754K. The project is part of Amritsar-Jamnagar Economic Corridor in Rajasthan. The construction of 220 km road project worth Rs 3,882 crore will be taken up in packages.
Apart from this, some other major projects to be developed under Bharatmala Pariyojana are as follows:
|Promoter||Project Name||Cost (Rs Crore)||States|
|NHAI||Expressway (Ferozepur Jhirka-Itawa)||7,900||Rajasthan|
|NHAI||Ismailabad (Pehowa)-Charkhi Dadri-Narnaul Corridor||7,500||Haryana|
|NHAI||Expressway (Kherkhunta-Dodka from 181.00 to 392.49 km)||6,345||Gujarat , Madhya Pradesh|
|NHAI||National Highway (Dhadhaniya Sasan-Sanchore)||5,500||Rajasthan|
|NHAI||Road Upgradation (Simli-Narayanbagar-Mawani-Jolljivi)||4,590||Uttarakhand|
The Pariyojana is considered the most potential project as it will generate huge investment opportunities for the nation. The mega infra project will create job opportunities for more than one crore people.